Net Job & Business Growth

What is the indicator?

The net job and business growth indicator measures the annual change in both the number of firms and the number of employees between 1977 and 2014. The data is categorized by the size of the firm: those with 1-19 employees, those with between 20 and 499 employees, and those with more than 500 employees.

 

What does the data say? Are there any notable trends?

 

 

 Champaign-Urbana MSA               
Firms with 1-19 EmployeesFirms with 20-499 EmployeesFirms with 500+ EmployeesAll Firms
FirmsEmploymentFirmsEmploymentFirmsEmploymentFirmsEmployment
Number% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% ChangeNumber% Change
19772,7221353344918,84520516,0083,37648,386
19782,859-4.1%14,321-1.6%4874.9%19,93210.7%2164.6%17,8812.6%3,562-2.4%52,1344.5%
19792,741-2.0%14,087-8.3%5111.2%22,0671.9%2263.1%18,3377.4%3,478-1.2%54,4911.1%
19802,686-5.2%12,911-1.5%517-9.5%22,484-13.3%233-2.6%19,694-0.9%3,436-5.6%55,089-6.1%
19812,5471.3%12,7133.4%468-0.4%19,503-1.4%2270.4%19,5220.8%3,2421.0%51,7380.6%
19822,5800.0%13,1412.4%466-0.4%19,236-0.5%2283.9%19,673-11.5%3,2740.2%52,050-5.2%
19832,5811.7%12,8272.4%464-2.8%19,1332.2%2375.1%17,4078.3%3,2821.3%49,3674.4%
19842,6262.6%13,1416.7%4515.5%19,5596.5%2492.8%18,848-0.8%3,3263.0%51,5483.9%
19852,6952.0%14,027-1.0%4768.2%20,8306.9%2565.5%18,70114.4%3,4273.2%53,5587.4%
19862,7502.1%13,8873.2%5155.4%22,2637.1%2703.3%21,3896.0%3,5352.7%57,5395.7%
19872,809-2.5%14,333-2.5%543-0.2%23,835-8.4%2793.2%22,6792.7%3,631-1.7%60,847-2.8%
19882,739-1.3%13,974-2.0%5423.0%21,8436.0%2881.7%23,297-0.3%3,569-0.4%59,1141.6%
19892,703-0.8%13,6910.2%5581.6%23,1513.3%2935.5%23,23310.8%3,5540.1%60,0755.5%
19902,6811.1%13,7191.1%5671.4%23,9200.1%309-1.6%25,7324.6%3,5570.9%63,3712.5%
19912,711-0.5%13,868-2.2%5755.0%24,157-1.7%3043.9%26,9223.6%3,5900.8%64,9470.4%
19922,6972.3%13,5570.4%604-0.5%23,7453.4%316-2.2%27,888-0.6%3,6171.5%65,1901.1%
19932,7600.9%13,6151.8%601-4.8%24,552-4.4%3094.5%27,7295.2%3,6700.3%65,8960.9%
19942,7860.6%13,8591.4%5720.5%23,4715.5%3235.0%29,1782.7%3,6811.0%66,5083.4%
19952,8022.4%14,057-0.3%575-1.0%24,765-1.5%3391.8%29,9796.4%3,7161.8%68,8012.2%
19962,8680.1%14,0092.2%5694.7%24,3873.5%3451.4%31,897-0.2%3,7821.0%70,2931.5%
19972,872-0.6%14,315-1.2%596-0.8%25,2374.1%3502.6%31,8301.3%3,818-0.4%71,3821.8%
19982,854-0.2%14,1360.3%591-1.4%26,283-0.4%3594.7%32,2294.1%3,8040.1%72,6481.7%
19992,849-0.3%14,1781.4%5835.7%26,1841.1%3763.2%33,5377.2%3,8080.9%73,8993.9%
20002,8401.3%14,370-0.7%6161.8%26,4751.8%3880.0%35,9610.3%3,8441.2%76,8060.6%
20012,876-1.6%14,263-0.1%6274.0%26,945-2.5%388-0.5%36,066-6.0%3,891-0.6%77,274-3.7%
20022,829-1.2%14,2470.7%652-3.5%26,2642.3%386-1.6%33,9017.4%3,867-1.6%74,4124.3%
20032,7951.3%14,3431.4%629-0.2%26,861-5.6%380-2.4%36,423-0.9%3,8040.7%77,627-2.1%
20042,8321.4%14,540-0.3%628-0.8%25,3673.0%3713.5%36,092-0.1%3,8311.2%75,9990.9%
20052,871-0.8%14,4992.4%6232.4%26,1286.4%3840.0%36,0721.6%3,878-0.2%76,6993.4%
20062,8490.9%14,8490.9%6381.3%27,791-1.7%3845.2%36,6601.8%3,8711.4%79,3000.4%
20072,876-1.4%14,982-4.6%6460.6%27,3071.2%404-0.2%37,330-6.4%3,926-1.0%79,619-3.5%
20082,835-1.5%14,290-0.1%650-2.2%27,640-3.3%403-1.2%34,934-3.2%3,888-1.6%76,864-2.7%
20092,793-0.5%14,2771.1%636-2.0%26,719-2.3%3980.8%33,810-0.5%3,827-0.6%74,806-0.8%
20102,779-2.2%14,432-3.3%623-2.2%26,100-4.9%401-0.7%33,644-0.4%3,803-2.1%74,176-2.6%
20112,717-1.3%13,958-2.4%6090.5%24,813-1.2%3983.0%33,5104.1%3,724-0.5%72,2811.0%
20122,6820.2%13,626-1.4%6120.3%24,522-0.5%4100.0%34,8750.5%3,7040.2%73,023-0.2%
20132,688-0.3%13,4351.3%614-1.1%24,4011.8%4103.4%35,0413.9%3,712-0.0%72,8772.7%
20142,68013,61660724,85342436,3983,71174,867

 

The number of firms and number of employees show very different trends.

Historically, there have been significantly more firms with 1-19 employees than firms in the larger two size categories. The number of firms with 1-19 employees has also been relatively consistent: there were 42 fewer such firms in 2014 than 1977, and the largest year-to-year change in the 37-year period of analysis was a -5.2% decrease between 1979 and 1980.

The larger two size categories have shown an increasing trend over the period of analysis. There were 158 more firms with 20-499 employees in 2014 than 1977, a total increase of 35.2%. The number of firms with more than 500 employees more than doubled, increasing by 219 firms from 205 in 1977 to 424 in 2014, a total increase of 106.8%.

The trends of employment also vary based on firm size. Firms with 1-19 employees have consistently, and unsurprisingly, accounted for less of the total employment than the larger two categories. Employment in firms with 1-19 employees has also remained relatively consistent over the period of analysis. Employment in firms with more than 500 employees saw an overall trend of growth, interrupted by brief and intermittent decreases, between 1977 and 2014. Employment in the middle category (firms with between 20 and 499 employees) was also greater in 2014 than in 1977.

 

Why is this important?/Why did we include it in our set of indicators?

This data contributes to the big picture of economic conditions in Champaign County. More firms and larger employment numbers are generally positive economic indicators, but any strictly economic indicator should be considered in the context of other factors.

 

Where did we get the data, and how often is it released?

This data is from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Business Dynamics Statistics: Firm Characteristics Data Tables. This dataset is updated annually. This data is at the geographic scale of the Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which is a larger area than the cities or Champaign County.

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau; Business Dynamics Statistics; Firm Characteristics Data Tables; “Firm Size by MSA”; retrieved 4 May 2017.