Access to Transit

An interior view of a Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District bus shelter, the two-lane street beyond the shelter, and campus buildings in the distance.


What is the indicator?

The Access to Transit indicator measures the percent of residential parcels in Champaign-Urbana that are within one half mile and within one quarter mile of a CU-MTD bus stop. The half mile and quarter mile are used here as representations of reasonable walking distance to transit.

All CU-MTD stops were counted, regardless of route or direction. The access analysis was performed using linear distance, rather than distance along a street network, so access in some areas may be limited by characteristics of the street network (e.g., form, lack or condition of sidewalks) or major barriers (e.g., highways and other wide roads that are difficult or dangerous to cross).





What does the data say? Are there any notable trends?


Access to Transit

 Number of Residential ParcelsArea Percent of All CU Residential Parcels
Square FeetAcres
All CU Residential Parcels28,271350957787.648056.88100.0%
CU Residential Parcels within 1/2-Mile Buffer28,214339970652.187804.6599.8%
CU Residential Parcels within 1/4-Mile Buffer27,554305449974.457012.1797.5%


Taking into account the limitations of the linear distance methodology, as of the analysis performed in June 2017, Champaign-Urbana residents have, for the most part, excellent access to transit: 99.8% of the residential area is within one half mile of a bus stop, and 97.5% of the residential area is within one quarter mile of a bus stop.


Why is this important?/Why did we include it in our set of indicators?

Access to transit is key to economic, social, and quality of life opportunities. Public transit allows individuals to commute to and from jobs, run errands, shop, visit local amenities, and participate in social activities without needing a personal vehicle, which can be financially and/or logistically out of reach for some households and residents.


Where did we get the data, and how often is it released?

The percentage analysis was performed in ArcGIS using map layers from the Champaign County GIS Consortium (CCGISC) and Champaign Urbana Urbanized Area Transportation Study  (CUUATS). The analysis will be done on an annual basis, to account for any changes in both transit stops and residential areas.