Access to Bicycle Infrastructure

Bike parking with a row of colorful bikes.

What is the indicator?

The Access to Bicycle Infrastructure indicator measures the percent of residential parcels in Champaign-Urbana that is within one half mile and one quarter mile of a bicycle facility. The half mile and quarter mile are used here as representations of reasonable walking distance to an amenity.

Bicycle facilities that were counted in the analysis include the following: on-street bike lanes, bike paths, bike routes, divided shared-use paths, shared bike/parking lanes, shared lane markings (sharrows), off-street and sidepath shared-use paths, and UIUC bike paths.

The access analysis was performed using linear distance, rather than distance along a street network, so access in some areas may be limited by characteristics of the street network (e.g., form, lack or condition of sidewalks) or major barriers (e.g. highways and other wide roads that are difficult or dangerous to cross).


What does the data say? Are there any notable trends?


Access to Active Transportation Infrastructure

 Number of Residential ParcelsArea Percent of CU Residential Area
Square FeetAcres
All CU Residential Parcels28,271350957787.648056.88100.0%
CU Residential Parcels within 1/2-Mile Buffer27,370319544966.687335.7496.8%
CU Residential Parcels within 1/4-Mile Buffer21,302244717374.845617.9475.3%


Residential access to bicycle facilities in Champaign-Urbana is very good: as of the analysis performed in June 2017, 96.8% of residential parcels are within one half mile of a bicycle facility, and 75.3% of residential parcels are within one quarter mile of a bicycle facility.


Why is this important?/Why did we include it in our set of indicators?

As discussed in Indicator 8.2, Access to Transit, the ability to get around the community without a car is an important part of overall connectivity and equity, and access to active transportation infrastructure such as bicycle facilities offers residents another mode option. In addition to the benefits of another transportation option, bicycling also offers recreational and health benefits.


Where did we get the data, and how often is it released?

The percentage analysis was performed in ArcGIS using map layers from the Champaign County GIS Consortium (CCGISC) and Champaign Urbana Urbanized Area Transportation Study  (CUUATS). The analysis will be done on an annual basis, to account for any changes in both bicycle infrastructure and residential areas.